THE OLD AND MODERN TAJIK LANGUAGE Main specialist of Department of Supreme economic court the Republic of Tajikistan Emomalizoda N.E.

At first Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. I addition to it language is a system of communication used by a particular country or community.

There are roughly 7111 (seven thousand one hundred eleven) spoken languages in the world today. However, about 2,000 of those languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers. The most popular language in the world is Chinese. There are 1,213,000,000 people in the world that speak with that language. Approximately (приблизительно) 101 countries have established 2 or more official languages and an additional 77 countries have designated 1 official language.

The term Tajik became from *taj* meaning “crown”. Tajik language is the official language and is spoken by most people in Tajikistan. Tajik language is closely related to neighboring Dari Persian with which it forms a continuum of mutually intelligible varieties. Since the beginning of the twentieth century and independence of Tajikistan from Soviet Union, Tajik has been considered by a number of writers and researchers to be a variety of Persian. The popularity of this conception of Tajik as a variety of Persian was such that, during the period in which Tajik intellectuals were trying to establish Tajik as a language separate from Persian language, Sadriddin Ayni, who was a prominent intellectual and educator, made a statement that Tajik was not a “bastardized dialect” (незаконно рожденый диалект) of Persian. Now tajik language is written in with Cyrillic alphabet.

Language is affect to different sphere relation of life. First time in Tajikistan on 22 july 1989 have adopted Law about Tajik language. Therefore every year till 2010 we had celebrated State language day in 22 jule. Than we during Independent years on 5 october 2009 year after signature The Founder of peace and national unuty – Leader of the Nation, The Prezident of the Republic of Tajikistan respected Emomali Rahmon have adopted Law *About State language of the Republic of Tajikistan* and The Majlisi Oli amendmented on Law about celebration and 5 october was decleared as State language Day of the Republic of Tajikistan.

According article 2 of Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan  “The State language of Tajikistan is the Tajik language. Russian is the language of communication between the nationalities. All nations and nationalities living on the territory of the Republic have the right to freely use their mother tonge”.

As we know, UN have six official language, as english, chinese, arabic, french, russian and spanish.  But our Leader of the Nation, The Prezident of the Republic of Tajikistan respected Emomali Rahmon several time have reported in tribune of UN with tajik language. It is of course our proud, because 195 country of the world listened report of our Leader of the State.

At the end, in this suitable time I congratulate all of you with State language Day of the Republic of Tajikistan. I wish for you healthy, happiness an in you work achievement and success. Thank you onlookers, listeners and for your attention.

 

Main specialist of Department of Supreme economic court the Republic of Tajikistan  Emomalizoda N.E.

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